Peace Operations

Needful Provision, Inc. Tahlequah, OK 74465 USA
11 January 2006 Email:
To: Compton Foundation
Re: NPI’s “Civilian Support for Peace Operations – the GP2 Model” (Contact: David A. Nuttle, President)

1. Project Description – Needful Provision, Inc. (NPI) will plan, implement, and manage a $370,000 “Special Volunteer Program Homeland Security Initiative” ---with Compton Foundation providing a cash grant of $170,000 and SOCOM/ USAID providing an additional $200,000. This effort, to be known as the “Gray-Protector Project (GP2)” will be undertaken by volunteers, with 75 percent or more, being age 55 or over. The GP2 volunteers will be fully trained to operate and long sustain a model, innovative homeland security project. This effort will show how to strengthen communities, assist with counterterror efforts, provide capabilities to help survive and recover from natural & terrorist-caused disasters ---while achieving real freedom from fear created by the threat of terrorism. A GP2 model will be demonstrated in the area of northern Iraq occupied by the Kurds. This homeland security technique is intended for use in any area having terrorism/ insurgency problems sufficient to require civilian support for peace operations.

2. Applicant Qualifications – NPI, an Oklahoma based 501(c)(3) charity, has extensive experience in the planning, implementation, and training of homeland security projects designed to strengthen communities --while helping residents survive and recover from natural and terrorist-caused disasters. As an example, NPI is helping to plan a large biosecurity and homeland security project in Russia. NPI’s founder and President, David A. Nuttle, is a former GS-14 CIA Special Operations Officer with
extensive training & experience in counterterror, biosecurity, and homeland security. Nuttle’s first homeland security project was for 60 villages and 2 (two) towns, in South Viet-Nam, during a period of intense terrorist activity. This effort, known as the Civilian Irregular Defense Group (CIDG) Program, was very successful and has since been used, by CIA, as a model recommended to other countries with terrorism problems. Nuttle’s successful CIDG effort(s) will serve as a guideline for the proposed GP2 project.

3. Strengthening Communities – Community Watch Organizations (CWOs), and Community Corps Councils (CCCs), planned for Kurdish areas in Iraq, will provide the primary basis of the overall means to strengthen homeland security efforts while acting to improve communities. NPI will train two or three senior volunteers (age 55 or over), from each CWO/ CCC, in these techniques: 1) Preparations, practices, and procedures needed to help citizens survive and recover from natural and terrorist-caused disasters; 2) Defense measures to protect against biological, chemical, radiological, and/or nuclear attacks; and 3) Identification, observation, and reporting related to persons exhibiting tactics known to be part of typical terrorist modus operandi. Each volunteer will then work (on a sustained basis) to train, encourage/ prepare individuals, families, and businesses, in CWO/ CCC areas, in subject homeland security techniques. Community meetings will be used to help make the public aware of the GP2 efforts. By using existing CWOs/ CCCs, the groups concerned typically have similar backgrounds and interests. These groups have members with an established common interest in page 2 – NPI to Compton improving community security, so the needed organizational capability already exists. In addition to the above efforts, a few volunteers will be selected, trained, and equipped to form three Community Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) to assist first responders in the event of emergencies. All total, GP2 and CERT capabilities will greatly increase the capacity of law enforcement and first responders in the project area.

4. Recruitment & Development of Volunteers -- By recruiting seniors who are already members of CWOs/ CCCs, the GP2 trainees will have a high level of motivation to help improve the security of their communities. Each volunteer will be recruited based upon confirmation of such motivation, as well as aptitude for training in one or more of the GP2 program areas. Since recruits will come from CWOs/ CCCs, they will be fully representative of the communities to be served in a homeland security capacity. Veterans will be encouraged to be the first to volunteer since they often have organizational-type abilities needed for homeland security efforts. Every GP2 volunteer shall be given the opportunities to develop leadership, acquire new skills, serve their family and community to provide freedom from fear, and enhance the quality of their own lives. Priority will be given to the long-term development and retention of volunteers, and advanced training shall be continued to upgrade performance. Several forms of recognition will be provided to help sustain morale and dedication. Training and technical assistance shall be given to project staff, volunteers, volunteer placement supervisors, and community participation groups. Cooperation and communication with local first responders will be a feature of the entire GP2 effort.

Ongoing involvement, of GP2 volunteers, will include a series of day-to-day activities to include: 1) Updating information on potential, local terrorist targets; 2) The monitoring of activities around these targets; 3) Consulting with individuals, families, and businesses as regards survival and recovery preparations; 4) Work to improve all aspects of such preparations for local communities; 5) Analysis of current, known M.O. (modus operandi) for terrorists, and reporting (to law enforcement) on individuals who appear to be engaged in such activity; 6) Regular coordination with first responders, and regular improvement of communications with first responders; 7) Mobilization of CERT units; 8) Simulated attacks for training purposes; and 9) Specific duties/ roles assigned.

5. Program Management – GP2 program management will be under the direction of a GP2 Command & Control Center (C3) established under NPI’s plan. The C3 staff, recruited and trained by NPI, will have responsibility to manage volunteers & partner relationships. In addition, the C3 staff will evaluate GP2 volunteer performance while acting to assure that GP2 goals and objectives are met. Information, efforts, and individual volunteer performance will be evaluated monthly, and semi-annual reports shall be used to determine and publish actual impacts achieved by GP2 volunteers and CERT units. The C3 staff will have ultimate responsibility to ensure accountability as well as efficient and effective use of available resources. Both NPI and the C3 staff will act to secure resources to sustain and expand the project. Overall management is designed to make the GP2 effort relatively easy to replicate in communities where needed, worldwide.
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Organizational Capacity – NPI, founded 12 June 1995, has a staff experienced in homeland security efforts and project development using volunteers. Over the years, NPI has developed an extensive network of volunteers, and has cooperative projects with other nonprofits, for-profits, universities, labs, and others. NPI is currently engaged in the planning of large homeland security and biosecurity project in Russia. Our Russian
volunteers add to NPI’s overall capabilities in these areas. NPI has an affiliated for-profit, Preparedness Systems Intl., Inc. (PSI), that will engage in the manufacture and marketing of very unique homeland security products such as Group Shelters w/ special filters --to provide protection during biological, chemical, radiological, and nuclear attacks. For other needs, in developing homeland security systems, NPI has a network of companies who provide special technologies and equipment. An example is TraceTrack Technology, Ltd., an Israeli company that manufactures an innovative trace detector for explosives. NPI’s President, David A. Nuttle, is considered (by CIA) to be one of the world’s leading specialists in homeland security networks formed by volunteers. You can see many of NPI’s projects on our website:

NPI has a 50-acre training facility, located in NE Oklahoma, with additional facilities in Mexico, Kenya, and India. In the past, NPI has administered and directed federal grants, and NPI has the means to effectively manage these grants. Nearly all NPI projects are planned and operated by volunteers trained by NPI. Nuttle’s very first homeland security effort, the CIDG Program as noted above, had over 12,000 volunteers. Each member of NPI’s staff will have specific roles to assure the effective planning and preparation of GP2 efforts, in addition to training and resource/ equipment support for GPS volunteers and CERT units. The main management team consists of David A. Nuttle, Charles A. Gourd, Ph.D. and Karen M. Lees (resumes attached). NPI has established and effective procedures for management, accounting, fund raising, and procurement. Using established levels of performance, from prior homeland security projects, NPI will conduct evaluation and self-assessment with a view toward sustained improvement.

6. Other Requirements – In rural areas, the prevention of agro-terrorism is a very special requirement. In these areas GP2 volunteers will be given special training to include identification of plant and livestock indicators of a bioterrorist attack directed at agriculture. Innovative air and water sensors will also be employed, by GP2 volunteers, to help detect bioterrorist attacks in rural areas. Not less than 15 percent of the GP2
volunteers will be youth given unique training to undertake information collection and “spotting” intended to help identify possible terrorist operatives engaged in activities typical of terrorist M.O. (modus operandi). In brief, terrorist operatives (of various types) engage in certain types of known activities undertaken in certain places associated with
potential targets. Youth are needed to have natural access to the classrooms, religious centers, gyms, and other places often frequented by terrorist operatives. These youth will be known as “spotters,” and they will take no direct action against suspects --the goal is to provide valid and effective reporting (on possible suspects) to law enforcement.

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In addition to the above, there is a requirement to create a GP2 homeland security model that may be formalized and easily replicated throughout insecure areas of the world.

7. Historical Inputs – NPI’s staff has planned, implemented, and helped to manage a number of homeland security projects overseas. The lessons learned from these projects will provide useful inputs for homeland security efforts to be tested via NPI’s said GP2 model. Typically, the most successful overseas projects had the following features:

- Self-sufficiency to enable populations to meet their own basic needs and thus “speed” recovery from any attack or disaster.

- Potential target maps to identify the types and locations of every target terrorists could attack by any means.

- Report & Incident Maps to show known and suspect terrorist activity in relation to targets, potential targets, and homeland security activities.

- Block & Target Groups of trained and organized volunteers who work to protect their assigned geographic areas and/or potential targets.

- Citizen informants (“spotters”) who are trained to seek and identify suspect terrorists prior to an attack.

- Counterfear tactics to help reduce the level of fear associated with any one type of terrorist attack. (Counter measures are prepared for all possible types of attack.)

- Political action to assure support for essential homeland security efforts.
- Exchanges between homeland security groups to promote security innovation.

- Hunter Teams composed of groups of law enforcement, paramilitary, and/or military personnel with special training and equipment as needed to eliminate terrorists.

- Intelligence operations to identify the terrorists and determine their plans as well as possible intentions prior to an attack. (Hunter Teams depend upon this intelligence.)

- Deception operations to make terrorists uncertain about the reality of what they see and hear. (Such operations cause increased terrorist activity and exposure.)

- Agit-Prop (agitation and propaganda) activities to cause the terrorists to have real doubts in their leadership and cause.

- Personnel security to assure that “key” homeland security leaders are protected from any terrorist attempt to eliminate them.

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- Sustained innovation for development of new homeland security techniques.

- Funding development to find ways and means for sustaining homeland security.

The current U.S. homeland security focus in on first responders and defensive-types of actions. NPI’s herein proposed model seeks to show how our Citizen Corps could be more offensive in nature, to help stop terrorist attacks before they occur. In addition to use of the GP2 model in northern Iraq, these same techniques could be used throughout Iraq, in Afghanistan, and in other insecure areas to help those populations better provide for their own peace over the long-term.

Using the lessons learned from NPI’s proposed GP2 project, a handbook and unique training manual will be written to instruct friendly police and military organizations. The focus of the instruction will be to make peace operations more affordable and effective by proper use of civilian populations working for their own defense. Subject GP2 manual will also include a section on use of Radio Schools to help facilitate secure, efficient instruction at the village or community level. The GP2 project will include an initial Radio School effort for remote villages where travel and/or security problems preclude frequent visits. The Radio School shall be used to train GP2 volunteers, as well as instructing local populations in needed self-help technologies. These latter efforts act to motivate people to cooperate, with the GP2 project, as they see obvious and rapid benefits. A Turkish radio broadcasting company, Radikal, Ltd. has agreed to assist NPI with efforts to development a Radio School for the Kurds of Iraq.

Please advise your approval of NPI’s $170,000. grant for subject project. Thank you.

David A. Nuttle

P.S. In 1963, Research Analysis Corporation (RAC) completed a study, under contract to DOD, detailing why the CIDG effort was so successful.
N.B. 1) The overall need for the GP2 project is based on the fact that military leaders are typically trained in conventional tactics ---and police commanders focus on police tactics--- so there has been little or no focus on effective development of actual peace operations. This project is designed to help overcome this weakness and the related threat to global security.

2) U.S. military operations in Afghanistan have generally been more effective than U.S. military operations in Iraq. The basic difference is that conventional military tactics have been emphasized in Iraq, whereas operations in Afghanistan focused more on a peace operations approach. In our opinion, the U.S. military would have been far more effective, in both these countries, if the GP2 concept had been used early in the conflicts.